Vietnam Social Sciences, S. 4 (2017)

Cỡ chữ:  Nhỏ  Vừa  Lớn

Best Practices in Management of Labour Migration in East and Southeast Asia


Tóm tắt

National migration policies in East and Southeast Asia have evolved to better manage large flows of international labour migration.  Migration policies both in countries of origin and in host countries have strived for three major objectives: (1) to regulate and manage the labour migration process, (2) to maximise the contribution of labour migration to national development, and (3) to offer greater protection to migrant workers.  Countries of origin have attempted to realise these objectives by licensing and regulating recruitment agencies; by enacting regulations on standard contracts, fees charged to prospective migrants, and pre-deployment training; and by assigning responsibility to their overseas diplomatic missions for offering assistance to migrants while abroad. Countries of destination manage labour migration through laws on immigration, work permits, and private recruitment agencies.  To link migration with economic growth, they set annual quotas by sector for the number of new migrant workers. They attempt to provide protection to migrant workers by ensuring equality with national workers in labour standards, providing post-arrival orientation, and by requiring health and accident insurance.

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Vietnam Social Sciences, ISSN: 1013-4328